Exosomal and Plasma Non-Coding RNA Signature Associated with Urinary Albumin Excretion in Hypertension

Extracellular Vesicles

Riffo-Campos, Angela L., Javier Perez-Hernandez, Ana Ortega, Olga Martinez-Arroyo, Ana Flores-Chova, Josep Redon, and Raquel Cortes. 2022. “Exosomal and Plasma Non-Coding RNA Signature Associated with Urinary Albumin Excretion in Hypertension.” International Journal of Molecular Sciences 23 (2): 823. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms23020823.

Non-coding RNA (ncRNA), released into circulation or packaged into exosomes, plays important roles in many biological processes in the kidney. The purpose of the present study is to identify a common ncRNA signature associated with early renal damage and its related molecular pathways. Three individual libraries (plasma and urinary exosomes, and total plasma) were prepared from each hypertensive patient (with or without albuminuria) for ncRNA sequencing analysis. Next, an RNA-based transcriptional regulatory network was constructed. The three RNA biotypes with the greatest number of differentially expressed transcripts were long-ncRNA (lncRNA), microRNA (miRNA) and piwi-interacting RNA (piRNAs). We identified a common 24 ncRNA molecular signature related to hypertension-associated urinary albumin excretion, of which lncRNAs were the most representative. In addition, the transcriptional regulatory network showed five lncRNAs (LINC02614, BAALC-AS1, FAM230B, LOC100505824 and LINC01484) and the miR-301a-3p to play a significant role in network organization and targeting critical pathways regulating filtration barrier integrity and tubule reabsorption. Our study found an ncRNA profile associated with albuminuria, independent of biofluid origin (urine or plasma, circulating or in exosomes) that identifies a handful of potential targets, which may be utilized to study mechanisms of albuminuria and cardiovascular damage.

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