Exosomes‐mediated transfer of long noncoding RNA LINC01133 represses bladder cancer progression via regulating the Wnt signaling pathway
Yang, Hongjie, Hongchen Qu, Haibo Huang, Zhongyi Mu, Minghuan Mao, Qingpeng Xie, Kai Wang, and Bin Hu. "Exosomes‐mediated transfer of long noncoding RNA LINC01133 represses bladder cancer progression via regulating the Wnt signaling pathway." Cell Biology International (2021).
Bladder cancer (BC), as one of the most common malignant cancers of the urinary system, has a high incidence and mortality rates. Recently, increasing studies have indicated that exosomes can mediate cellular communication in assorted cancers, including BC. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have also been confirmed to take part in the regulation of many cancers. Long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 1133 (LINC01133) is an lncRNA and its roles in several cancers have been revealed. However, the functions of exosomes and LINC01133 in BC are still not elucidated. In our research, functional assays were conducted to evaluate the function of LINC01133, as well as the influence of exosomes and LINC01133 on BC cells. Western blot assay, immunofluorescence assay, electron microscope, and nanoparticle tracking analysis were applied for detecting the characteristics of exosomes. Bioinformatics tools and quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction were performed to test the expression of LINC01133 in BC cells and exosomes of the immortalized human uroepithelial cell line (SV-HUC-1). Luciferase reporter assay was performed to measure the activity of the Wnt pathway. We discovered that LINC01133 expression was high in exosomes of SV-HUC-1 and low in that of BC cells. Additionally, exosomes restrained cell viability, proliferation, migration, and invasion. Similarly, LINC01133 exerted the same function on BC cells. In addition, the Wnt signaling pathway could be inactivated by LINC01133. Finally, in vivo experiments demonstrated that cell growth could be suppressed by overexpressed LINC01133. In short, exosomes-mediated transfer of lncRNA LINC01133 repressed BC progression via regulating the Wnt signaling pathway.View full article